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The content of this desk guide are in line with the National Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Buruli Ulcer Management and Control Guidelines as adapted from WHO childhood Tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) case management guidelines (Sixth edition, 2015).This guide is a decision-aid and does not cover all possible scenarios related to the management of childhood TB

Since the establishment of Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Buruli ulcer Control Programme, significant landmarks have been accomplished. Presently, the Programme operates the National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Buruli ulcer Control 2010 – 2015.

Since the establishment of a stout TB and Leprosy Control Programme, significant landmarks have been accomplished. Presently, the Programme operates the National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control 2010 – 2015. With this plan, the NTBLCP aims to reduce the prevalence of the two diseases to levels where they no longer constitute public health problems in the country.

Since the establishment of a stout TB and Leprosy Control Programme, significant landmarks have been accomplished. Nigeria adopted the Enhanced Global strategy for Further reducing Leprosy 2011-2015, following the attainment of the global Leprosy elimination goal of less than 1 case per 10,000 population in December 1998. Foll. In 2011, a total of 3,623 new leprosy cases was recorded. Ninety-two (92%) of the new cases detected were classified as the infectious MB cases, and 44% were females.

The world wide TB epidemic is a major global health crisis. Nigeria, a country ranked 4th among the 22 countries with the highest TB burden in the world and 1st in Africa, has its fair share of the crisis. The burden of TB in Nigeria is not precisely known, but the steady rise of the number of case notifications since 1996 is evidence that the case burden of tuberculosis disease on the Nigeria population is enlarging and heavier with time.

The 2009 Annual Report is provides a brief description of the different activities implemented in the country geared towards the control of the three diseases managed by the Program which are TB, Leprosy and Buruli ulcer. It also evaluates the objectives of the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme during the course of 2008, outlining the situation of the NTBLCP as well as the achievements and challenges encountered during the interruption of the GFATM Round 5 gap-filling grant for accelerated TB control in the country.