Tuberculosis (TB), Leprosy and Buruli ulcer diseases constitute major public health problems in Nigeria. In addition, the social stigma associated with these diseases further compounds the problem. To combat these challenges, the NTBLCP has a working road map which is centered on demand creation, provision of early access to diagnosis and treatment and ensuring social re-integration of those affected by these diseases into the community. 

As part of its strategies, services are provided in a comprehensive manner which ensures that TB, Leprosy and Buruli ulcer services are integrated into the existing health system infrastructure and general health care services in all the 774 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Nigeria. These services are implemented in collaboration with the HIV/AIDS and Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) control programmes at various levels of health care with the involvement of the public, private and community health providers. 

To create demand for services, the NTBLCP encourages community participation and ensures awareness creation through the provision of information on the causes, transmission, diagnosis, and treatment of the three diseases in the community. Accessibility is also ensured through the continuous strategic expansion of treatment and diagnostic centres across the country to provide quality laboratory services, prompt treatment and rehabilitation services.