While Nigeria has made great strides in the implementation of TPT for TB contacts for the last 20 years, and TPT for PLHIV since 2010, the country is still lagging behind in reaching the global targets endorsed by member countries at the United Nations High Level meeting.

People in custodial centres in Nigeria face several unmet needs for their health challenges including medical care for HIV, tuberculosis dermatological conditions, pregnancy care, amongst other conditions. Referral services for health care and continuity of services is also a challenge. According to the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (also known as the “Nelson Mandela rules”), prisoners should enjoy the same standards of health care that are available in the community and should have access to necessary health-care services free of charge without discrimination on the grounds of their legal status.