This end term review was conducted in light of both National and Global events that occurred during the life plan of the current review such as the 2017 Global Ministerial Conference on TB, resulting in the Moscow Declaration to end TB; the 2018 Africa Continental Accountability Framework for Action to end TB in Africa endorsed by Heads of states, and the request to WHO and the AU Commission to produce an annual scorecard to track its implementation; the 2018 UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on TB which resulted in the UNGA Political Declaration to End TB; the development and implementation (starting in 2019) of a multisectoral accountability framework to end TB and the 2019 Multisectoral Accountability Framework to End TB (TB MAF).

The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) of Nigeria requested the technical assistance of the World Health Organization (WHO) to conduct an epidemiological review of TB in the country in preparation for an upcoming review of the tuberculosis programme. The country mission took place from 6th to 17th January 2020. The review was conducted by four external reviews jointly with National Tuberculosis & Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP) staff.